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Topographical Engineer Instruments

(click any image to enlarge)
Period drafting set
*Drafting set: Shagreen case with ivory scale and brass instruments
Period correct barometer
*Barometer used to determine elevations
Period correct Gurley Alidade
*Gurley Alidade: Used to create maps with a plane table
Period correct Berger transit
*Berger Transit
Period Queen and Company compass
*Queen and Company Compass
Confederate patent calculating protractor
1862 Confederate patent calculating protractor (1 of 3 known to exist)
Period 66' Gunter's chain
*66' Gunter's Chain
Drafting Set: Shagreen case with ivory scale and brass instruments
*Drafting Set
* indicates "period correct" meaning items like these would have been used during the civil war.


Civil War Engineer Photos

Capt. Arthur Willis Gloster Arthur Willis Gloster was sworn into the Army of Tennessee in May of 1861, at Randolph,a small town on the Mississippi River. He and Nathan Bedford Forrest were sworn in together in the Cavalry Company of Captain White of Memphis...Their hands together on the same Bible.

Captain Gloster was an engineer with the Army of Tennessee and was at Island No. 10, Shiloh, Corinth and many other fields of battles and skirmishes before being captured when Vicksburg fell. He was exchanged the following October at Demopolis, Alabama and ordered to Missionary Ridge where he was placed in command of Company C of the 3rd Regiment Engineers. He later was sent to Atlanta to build wagons and boats for the pontoon trains of the Army. He remained in command of this train, building bridges over the streams crossed by the Army of Tennessee until the end of the War. After the War, Captain Gloster was engaged in locating and constructing some of the most important railroad lines in the South. He built a railroad line in Mississippi which produced the Town of Gloster, Mississippi so named in his honor.

Captain Arthur Willis Gloster
Original tintype click image to enlarge

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James Otey GlosterSergeant James O. Gloster enlisted in Company G of the Tennessee 13th Volunteer Infantry - The Gaines Invincibles. This hard fought outfit first saw action at Belmont, Missouri on November 7, 1861. The regiment moved to Columbus, Kentucky until the fall of Fort Donelson necessitated an evacuation via Union City to Corinth. A week later Gloster fought at Shiloh where his Regiment captured a Federal Battery but sustained 137 casualties.

On August 10, 1862, the Brigade was detached to Knoxville and placed in General Patrick R. Cleburne's Division; then returned to Kentucky to fight the Kentucky Battles of Richmond and Perryville. From Perryville back to Knoxville on to Tullahoma the Brigade then moved to Murfreesboro in late November in preparation for the Great Battle of Murfreesboro. It was at that Battle on New Years Day that Sergeant James Otey Gloster was Killed In Action.

The Gloster Brothers are buried in the Very Historic Mt. Olivet Cemetery. The Cemetery is a large 250 acres which opened in 1855. It is situated on a hilltop, graced with large old trees and evergreens and impressive statuary crypts and tombs.

(click any image to enlarge)
 March 1864
Federal engineers bridging the Tennessee River at Chattanooga, March 1864

Engineers Headquaters during the civil war
Civil War Engineer Headquarters
Pontoon Bridge
Pontoon bridge at Bull Run, Va., 1862.

Topographical Engineer camp
Civil War Engineers Camp

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